The African rainforests are home to an abundance of animal and plant life. Out of all the Africa landforms, this one is by far the most teeming with life. Rainforest is forests characterized by high rainfall. African rainforest can be found spread across east, central, and West Africa and cover over 2.2 million square miles (3.6 million square kilometres).
Here we are sharing 7 surprising facts:-
- The tallest living tree in the world is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), named Hyperion after a person in Greek mythology. The tree is no less than 115.72 meters (379.7 feet) tall! This enormous tree was discovered only in August 2006 in a remote part of Redwood National Park, California by naturalists Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor.
- The oldest known living tree in the world is a Bristlecone Pine over 5,000 years old. Prior to 2012, the oldest known tree in the world was thought to be Methuselah at 4,848 years. In 2012, a 5,066-year-old Great Basin bristlecone pine tree was found in the same region of White Mountains, California.
- The Sagole Baobab or Sagole Big Tree is the largest baobab tree (Adansonia digitata) in South Africa. The tree called “General Sherman” is not only the biggest giant sequoia, but it is also the biggest tree in the world. He is 83.8 meters (274.9 feet) tall, his girth at breast height is 24,10 m (79 feet) (near the ground it is 31.3 meters or 102.6 feet).
- Over 8,000 plant species have been discovered in the rainforest of Africa: African rainforest can be found spread across east, central, and West Africa and cover over 2.2 million square miles (3.6 million square kilometres). Approximately 3/4 of Africa’s rainforest are located in central Africa. Even though rainforests cover less than 2% of the earth’s total surface area, about 50% of the plants and animals on earth live there. In fact, 1,500 flowering plants, 750 species of trees, 400 species of birds, and 150 species of butterflies can be found in 4 square miles of rainforest.
- Fuelwood in sub-Saharan African countries is consumed up to 200% times more than the annual growth rates of the trees This is causing deforestation, lack of timber resources and loss of habitat for the species living in it.
- Palm Oil is the primary cooking oil in Africa:-As familiar as olive oil or corn oil in North America, palm oil is the most widely used vegetable oil worldwide. It’s found in everything from soap and shampoo to cereal, bread and cosmetics
- 30 million jobs are created by forest-based activities in developing countries:-The Sub-Saharan Africa charcoal sector alone employs an estimated 7 million people. Almost 900 million people, mostly in developing countries, are engaged in the wood-energy sector. Like other branches of the agriculture, forestry is an important field.