Sundarbans—the name itself casts a magic spell over innumerable adventurous around the globe. It is indeed a surreal feeling to be sailing through the brackish water, amidst the dense jungle that has been an abode to the majestic Royal Bengal tigers and some of the most venomous reptiles on earth. If you are still wondering in the dark about this region, here we have got 8 amazing points that will illuminate your knowledge about this region.
This Archipelago is the world’s largest deltaic forest. It is also known as the Bengal Delta or the green delta which is formed by the amalgamation of the two rivers, Ganga and Brahmaputra. It is spread out in an area of almost 1,330 square kilometres in India. If you think that there isn’t any natural zone in India to be celebrated, you’ll be pleased to hear that this evergreen land of mangroves was awarded as a “UNESCO World Heritage Site”.
The Sundarbans ecosystem is a unique natural wonder of the world and carries a great ecological significance. It has a rich biological diversity of aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna and the mangrove forests
(1). The Sundarban mangrove forest supports 334 species of plants, 44 species of fishes, 8 species of amphibians, 53 species of reptiles, 315 species of birds, 49 species of mammals
(2). Sundarbans highly productive ecosystem acts as a natural fish nursery; mangrove acts as a natural shield against the fury of the cyclonic storm and prevents erosion due to tidal action and checks atmospheric pollution. Finally, millions of people depend on the Sundarbans ecosystem for their livelihood and sustenance through fishing, a collection of honey, fuelwood and timber.
Another fact about Sundarban is that it is being named after a mangrove tree called Sundari which means beautiful. It is not doubted to say that Sundarban is simply nature’s own land.
Humans In Sundarbans
Sundarban is one of the poorest and most densely populated regions of South Asia, with an estimated 8 million people (India and Bangladesh combined) directly dependent on its fragile ecosystem.
Nature’s own land
This Tropical delta is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. As you perforate into the forests, the serene environment unfolds its enigmatic beauty. During the summer the petals of the Genwa bejewel flower blossoms over the Emerald islands. The other dominant floral species are crabs like red flowers of the Kankara and the yellow blooms of Khalsi.
Sundarbans Tidal Phenomenon-
Two times in a day, Sundarban experience high and low tides. During the low tides, one can see the huge mud land area lying flat and during high tides area, water level seems to rise around 6-10 feet. If you are looking for exploring wildlife, then high tides are the most appropriate time for boats to get into the forest in search of wild animals.tion of islands
If you thought that by ‘conglomeration’ of islands we mean five, six or ten islands then you are mistaken. This Ganga – Bramhaputra delta which is the abode of sundarban is an archipelago of 54 tiny islands!!
Beware of the Reptiles!
From poisonous and vicious snakes to wimpy chameleons and salamanders to beasty crocodiles, if you like to steer clear of reptiles, then think twice before visiting this place. However, if you are a sucker for pristine nature, then the sight of crocodiles sunbathing on the banks of the backwaters will surely blow you away!