Chanakya was an Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. He is traditionally identified as Kauṭilya or Vishnugupta, who authored the ancient Indian political treatise, the Arthashastra. As such, he is considered the pioneer of the field of political science and economics in India.
A permanent relationship is dependent on particular purpose (or wealth).
Every relationship has one or the other motive behind it. Friendship or enmity is not purposeless.Oneness of motive is turned into a friendship. While the diversity of motive cause enmity. Royal relationships also depend upon one or the other purpose. But such relations are mainly for the welfare of the state.
Till the enemy’s weakness is known, he should be kept on friendly terms.
Everybody has same or the other weakness. This is also a general tendency to conceal their weaknesses. For people may not harm for these, but they will surely ridicule or make fun of. Friendship, of course, feigned should be retained with enemy till his weakness is known. Let him remain elated.
One’s weakness should not ever be revealed.
Everybody tries not to reveal his weaknesses, so that he may not be ridiculed. Especially before the enemy. One’s weak points should not be revealed. Because the can strike on those to ruin us. So one should remain strong before the enemy.
Even a captured enemy is not to be trusted.
A ruler wishing to win should not trust a captured enemy even if he may be extending had to be a friend. Because deeply rooted enmity, however, concealed, will rarely come to light.
wrongful doings of One’s people should be stopped.
Svanaja includes in itself the whole subject, officials and ministers. If there is something wrong in the conduct of these people, it would be damaging the state. An administrator should strictly deal with it.
The disgrace of one’s people brings sorrow to the Nobel minded.
The demerits of our own people bring infamy. Their disgrace is our own disgrace. That is why infamy os such people really hurts. It is desirable that the ruler or the administrator may work in a way that such disgraceful conduct may not occur.
A low-minded person should not be given good advice.
Nikrti means deceptive behaviour, the nature of a low minded person is fraudulent. They always like to ridicule god person. Breach of trust is natural for a wicked. That is why this Chanakya quote enjoys indirectly to save oneself from them.
The evil person causes harm even if treated well.
How well u treat the wicked people, they do not give up their wickedness. They derive pleasure in hurting others. A serpent made to drink milk, it ejects poison only.
Knower of the means makes impossible tasks also possible.
The ruler should employ a person in tasks according to their abilities because Knowers ( or the means ) and efficient employees make impossible tasks also possible.