Choudhry Rahmat Ali was one of the earliest advocates of the creation of the state of Pakistan. Rahmat Ali a Pakistani Muslim nationalist is generally recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, a homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement. Ali was born in November 1895 into a Gujjar Muslim family in a District of Indian Punjab.
From his early childhood, Rahmat Ali showed signs of great promise as a student. After completing his schooling, he joined the Islamia College of Lahore, after his graduation in 1918; he initially taught at Aitcheson College Lahore and later joined Punjab University in order to study law. However, In 1930, he moved to England to join Emmanuel College Cambridge, in 1931.
Ali was passionately dedicated to the cause of separate Muslim homeland for South Asian Muslims and believed that the Muslims of India had to reform politically in order to become a viable, independent community. He was inspired by Islamic history, particularly the example of the Prophet Muhammad and his success in bringing various Arab tribes together during the founding period of Islam.
He believed that in order to survive the increasingly hostile India, Indian Muslims should unite on the same lines. He was deeply influenced by the writings and philosophy of Allama Muhammad Iqbal as well. Ali’s writings, in addition to those of Muhammad Iqbal and others, were major catalysts for the formation of Pakistan.
It was during the years 1930 through 1933, that he established the Pakistan National Movement, with its headquarter at Cambridge. Until 1947, he continued publishing various booklets about his vision for South Asia. On January 28, 1933, he issued his first memorable pamphlet “Now or Never; Are we to live or perish forever?” The pamphlet gave reasons for the establishment of Pakistan as a separate nation coining the word Pakistan for the first time.
Choudhry Rahmat Ali propagated the Scheme of Pakistan with a missionary zeal since its inception in 1933. He coined the word “Pakistan”, and published various booklets about his vision for South Asia. While making these endeavours he had expected people would have to fight to create Pakistan, but he never imagined the horrors of the communal rioting andmass murder which took place.
Ali is known for his steadfast dedication to the idea of Pakistan. After its formation in 1947, he argued on its behalf at the United Nation over the issue of Kashmir. and the rights of Muslim minority of India.
After the creation of Pakistan, he returned to Pakistan in April 1948, planning to stay in this country, but he was ordered by the then Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan to leave the country. He died in February 1951 and was buried on 20 February at Newmarket Road Cemetery Cambridge UK.