Lala Lajpat Rai, one of the biggest figures of the Indian Independence Movement, was born on January 28, in the year 1865.
He was one of the three extremist members of the INC along with other two members Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. They were known Lal, Bal, Pal.
Awaaz Nation brings forth seven lesser known facts about the great leader fondly known as ‘Punjab Kesari.’
Have a look…
Rai Came From The Family Of Scholars
Lala Lajpat Rai was born to Munshi Radha Krishna Azad, a great scholar of Persian and Urdu, and his wife Gulab Devi, a strict religious lady on January 28, 1865, in Ferozpur, Punjab.
Founder Of Punjab National Bank
He is the reason behind existence of one of the famous banks Punjab National Bank.
Rai Was The Chief Architect Of ‘Swadeshi Moment’
He stressed self-reliance for Indians in the 1900 session of the National Congress. So, he was the original brain behind ‘Make In India.
Martyrs’ Day Celebrated In Rai’s honour
Lala Lajpat Rai launched a peaceful procession to boycott arrival of the Simon Commission in Lahore in 1928, but then Superintendent of Police, Scott ordered a ‘lathi-charge’ at all the activists.
He became the target of a merciless lathi charge led by British police. Lala Lajpat Rai died on November 17, 1928 due to his injuries. His death is celebrated as Martyrs’ Day in Odisha.
He Respected Values
He set up the nationalistic Dayanand Anglo-Vedic and went on to teach in the Anglo-Vedic College, which was operated by Arya Samaj. Rai was influenced by Hinduism and reformed many Indian policies.
How Did He Get Punjab Kesari Title?
There is a myth that he got this name after Punjab Kesari newspaper. But this is wrong as . ‘Punjab Kesari’ was a title given to him even before the newspaper came into existence.
He wrote a whole lot of books
Very few people know that Rai was also a noted author. Some of his works are-
- ‘History of the Arya Samaj’
- ‘Swaraj and Social Change’
- ‘England’s Debt to India: India’
- The Problems Of National Education In India’
- ‘The United States of America: A Hindu’s impressions and a study’
He was a great leader of Independence movement, whose fearlessness will always be an inspiration.
Remembering the great freedom fighter “Punjab Kesari”, on his 89th Death Anniversary.