The new Rs 100 currency note has raised curiosity about Gujarat’s historic architectural beauty of Rani-ki-Vav. Rani Ka Vav or ‘Queen’s Stepwell’ is a unique step well located in the small town of Gujarat called Patan.
The new note features the motif of the ‘Rani Ki Vav’ stepwell in Gujarat, as well as the Swachh Bharat logo and slogan. It highlights the rich and diverse cultural heritage of India as it prominently displays a photograph of ‘Rani-ki-vav’ (The Queen’s Stepwell), an 11th century architectural wonder.
What is a vav?
A vav is a stepwell, much like baolis or baoris. Stepwells are water storage systems that were first constructed in the 3rd millennium BC and were subsequently adopted by different dynasties and kingdoms over the centuries. They were designed to make water-storage areas, resembling ponds or wells, accessible by descending flights of steps. The ruins of these stepwells can still be found across the Indian subcontinent, including many parts of Western and Northern India.
Interesting Things you need to know about Rani ki Vav, an architectural marvel
1. Ki Vav, an intricately built stepwell, is situated in Gujarat’s Patan town, some 125 kilometres from one of its most popular and urban centre, Ahmedabad. The step well is located on the banks of river Saraswati.
2. Rani-ki-Vav highlights the sanctity of water as it is designed as an inverted temple under the earth’s surface.
3. The stepwell is a 900-year-old structure built as a memorial to an 11th-century ruler, king Bhimdev (I). Rani Ki Vav, which literally translates to the Queen’s stepwell was commissioned by Queen Udayamati of the Solanki dynasty.
4. The stepwell is not just a subterranean water storage system but also an architectural wonder. The Vav, which was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage sites in 2014, is built in the complex Maru-Gurjara architectural style. It is designed as an inverted temple, highlighting the concept of the sanctity of water, and seven levels of stairs and holds more than 500 principal sculptures, with the addition of carved stone deities. The central theme of the stepwell is the Dasavataras or ten manifestations of Lord Vishnu.
5. Reportedly, there also exists a small gate under the last step of the vav, joined to a 30-kilometre long tunnel. The tunnel, which is said to be currently blocked by stones and mud, reportedly led to the town of Sidhpur and was used as an escape gateway in the times of war
6. Open from 8 am to 6 pm, it is located in Patan, about 125 km from Ahmedabad.
7. Rani ki Vav, in October 2016, bagged the title of the “Cleanest Iconic Place” in India at the Indian Sanitation Conference (INDOSAN) in New Delhi. The monument was felicitated at the conference, which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Here Are The Features of The New Note
- See through register with denominational numeral 100.
- Latent image with denominational numeral 100.
- Denominational numeral 100 in Devnagari.
- Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi at the centre.
- Micro letters ‘RBI’, ‘Bharat’ (in Devnagari), ‘India’ and ‘100’
- Windowed security thread with inscriptions ‘Bharat’ (in Devnagari and RBI with colour shift; Colour of the thread changes from green to blue when the note is tilted
Guarantee Clause, Governor’s signature with Promise Clause and RBI emblem towards right of Mahatma Gandhi portrait.
- Ahoka Pillar emblem on the right.
- Mahatma Gandhi portrait and electrotype (100) watermarks.
- Number panel with numerals in ascending font on the top left side and bottom right side.
- For visually impaired intaglio or raised printing of Mahatma Gandhi portrait, Ashoka Pillar emblem, raised triangular identification mark with micro-text 100, four angular bleed lines both on the right and left sides.
- Year of printing of the note on the left.
- Swachh Bharat logo with slogan.
- Language panel.
- Motif of RANI KI VAV.
- Denominational numeral 100 in Devnagari
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