The Central Khalsa Orphanage established way back in 1904 in Amritsar has a lot of history associated with it, much like several other places of this city.
India’s great freedom activist Shaheed Udham Singh lived here with his brother (who died a few years later) between 1907 and 1919. Udham Singh was a freedom fighter born on December 12, 1899, at Sunam in Punjab. He was hanged in Penton Ville Jail, London on July 31, 1940 for assassinating Michael O’Dwyer, the Governor of Punjab at the time of Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Udham Singh, born on 26th December 1899, was orphaned at the age of 5 and was brought up in the Khalsa Orphanage in Amritsar along with his elder brother, Sadhu Singh. Both received new names as Sher Singh became Udham Singh and Mukta Singh became Sadhu Singh. He stayed at the orphanage and completed his matriculation before leaving in 1918.
His memories at the orphanage have been preserved by the management.
A huge portrait of the freedom fighter at the entrance to the orphanage located in the Putlighar area welcomes its guests.
One corner of the wall is dedicated to the copies of the FIR filed against him by the British when he was convicted with the murder of General O’Dwyer.
The orphanage has more than 300 students. Including some blind children. (Some widowed, impoverished mothers have also been sending their kids here owing to their inability to raise them.)
On Udham Singh’s Death Anniversary, Read some quick facts about the great martyr:-
* Udham Singh was born as Sher Singh in Sangrur, Punjab.
* Udham Singh was given the title of Shaheed-i-Azam (the great martyr).
* Singh became an orphan at an early age and was taken away by Central Khalsa Orphanage, Putlighar. He was named Udham Singh after he joined the orphanage.
* Singh was an eyewitness of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
* Udham Singh was a fond of Bhagat Singh and used to look up to him as one of his idols.
* Singh hid his revolver in a book and assassinated Dwyer during a meeting at Caxton Hall, London. Singh had carved the shape of the revolver to fit it inside the book.
* Udham Singh did not run away after shooting two times at Dwyer, who died on the spot. Singh, instead, waited for the officials to arrest him.
* While awaiting his trial, Singh went on a 42-day hunger strike and had to be forcibly fed. Singh was hanged at Pentonville Prison in July 1940.
* Singh’s weapon, a knife, a diary and a bullet from shooting are kept in Black Museum, Scotland Yard.
* The remains of Udham Singh are preserved at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar.
We got our freedom because of martyrs, who sacrificed their precious lives for the sake of truth and for the sake of all Indians. Out of great martyrs, Udham Singh is the one of the respectful names from them.
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