Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay is considered the pioneer of the revival of Bengali literature in the 19th century who influenced thousands of writers including stalwarts like Rabindranath Tagore, Surendranath Dutt, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay and more. He was a voracious reader and was especially interested in Sanskrit literature.
June 27 2018 marks the 180th birth anniversary of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. On this occasion, we wish to throw light on some ‘Surprising Facts About The Man Who Wrote ‘Vande Mataram’
Here are some interesting facts about the writer:-
* Bankim got married when he 11 years old to a 5-year-old girl. After 11 years of marriage, his wife died. Later, he got married to Rajlakshmi Devi and they were blessed with three daughters.
* In 1858, Joddu Nath Bose and Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay became the first graduates from the University of Calcutta.
* Like his father, Bankim after completing his studies was appointed as the Deputy Collector and was later promoted to Deputy Magistrate. He worked there was almost 32 years and retired from the service.
* Bankim considered writer and poet Ishwarchandra Gupta as his inspiration and began his journey as a writer.
* His earliest publications came out in the weekly newspaper Sangbad Prabhakar
* Durgeshnandini (1865) and Kapalkundala (1866) were his first major publications. Both the novels were well received and translated into other languages as well
* Bangadarshan was a monthly publishing literary magazine started by Bankim in April 1972. It had an epochal approach, consisting of stories, humorous sketches, historical and random essays, and religious and devotional articles
* He continued writing novels which gradually gained wide readership. Some of his famous works were Chandrasekhar and Rajani (both published in 1877)
* In his writings and publications, Bankim used to criticise the British government and hence during his service with the government, he was always involved in conflicts with the government.
* Bankim was critical about the British rule and often used to criticise the government in his writings and publications.
* He wrote Vande Mataram which was adopted as national song on January 24, 1950, providing it equal status with national anthem. For the first time it was sung at the congress session of Calcutta in 1896.
* Before it was adopted as the `National Song’ at the Congress’ Varanasi session on September 7, 1905, Vande Mataram had won India’s heart as its war cry of freedom.
* It was brought at par with the National Anthem officially by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.
On his auspicious birth anniversary let’s remember Sri Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the visionary who gave India it’s National Song “Vande Mataram” !!
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