India celebrates Martyrs’ Day (Shaheed Diwas) every year on January 30 to honour our brave martyrs who laid their lives for the country.
On this day not only Prime Minister and chiefs of the armed forces salute the martyrs at India Gate but also common men honor them by observing silence for 2 minutes.
There are many things about Martyrs Day that you might not know such as, India is one of the 15 nations that celebrate Martyr’s Day every year. Or we celebrate two martyrs day.
What made the country mark it as the day they honour the fearless warriors of the nation? Here’s everything you need to know about Martyrs Day.
The first Martyr’s Day( also known as Sarvodaya Diwas or Shaheed Diwas) is celebrated all over India on 30th January, while the second Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 23rd March. Both have different reasons, but on 30 January, it is celebrated to pay homage to Mahatma Gandhi and for those freedom fighters that fought for the country’s independence and sacrificed their lives.
Why Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 30 January?
Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by Nathuram Godse on 30 January, 1948. Gandhi ji was a freedom fighter, who like other freedom fighters worked for the independence, welfare and development of India throughout his life.
Nathuram Godse justified his crime by saying that Gandhi is responsible for the partition of the country and the killing of thousands during the freedom struggle. He called Gandhi a pretender and did not feel guilty for his crime. On 8th November, Godse was sentenced to death. So, on this day i.e. 30 January The Father of Nation breathed his last and was martyred. The Government of India announced the day as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day.
Why Second Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 23rd March?
3rd March is celebrated as Martyr’s Day to remember the sacrifice of three extraordinary freedom fighters of India. On 23rd March three super heroes of our Nation were hanged to death by Britishers. They were-
- Bhagat Singh
- Shivaram Rajguru
- Sukhdev Thapar
They are the source of inspiration for the youth of India. At such a young age, they fought with bravery for independence. So, to pay homage to these three revolutionaries Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 23rd March every year. Also Read: Shaheed Diwas/ Martyrs Day: Bhagat Singh’s Last Moments Before He Was Hanged
How Shaheed Diwas is celebrated
On January 30, the President, the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, and the Defense Minister get together at the Rajghat to the Samadhi of the Mahatma Gandhi and put down flowers garland at the statue of ‘Father of the Nation’. The Armed Forces personnel and Inter-services Contingent of the country give an honourable salute to the martyrs.
The people gathered at the place keep silence for 2 minutes in the memory of Bapu and other martyrs of the country.
Students in schools and colleges perform plays in the memories of the brave fighters. Patriotic songs are played to keep alive the spirit of courage, bravery and love for the nation.
Freedom fighters’ martyrdom is a reason for the end of the British Empire in India.
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