Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore/Tipu Sahib, is known for his valiant acts in several wars and the sacrifices he made to save his land from foreign invaders. He is remembered for saving Deccan India from the British for a long period of time. He was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1782 to 1799.
- Tipu Sultan was born to Hyder Ali and Fatima Fakhr Un Nisa. They had named their baby Fath Ali but often called him Tipu after the local saint Tipu Mastan Aulia
- Tipu Sultan’s full name was Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab
- He learned shooting, riding and swordsmanship at a very young age. It facilitated him to capture the family of the Malabar chief, at the age of 15, with a military force of merely two to three thousand people.
- Tipu is credited as the pioneer of Rocket Technology in India
- ipu Sultan wrote a military manual called Fathul Mujahidin. The manual explains the operation of Mysore rockets
- After the death of Tipu Sultan, the British forces took away his sword and ring as war trophies
- Sultan used to hate the Hindu religion but the ring he owned had “Ram” engraved on it
- The leftovers and belongings of Tipu Sultan had been put on display at the British Museum till the year 2004. Later on, Vijay Mallya bought the sword of Tipu Sultan in an auction
- Tipu Sultan is credited with the replacement of the original names of several places with Muslim names. During his reign, Mangalore was changed to Jalalabad, Mysore to Nazarabad, Bepur to Sultanpatanam, Cannanore to Kusanabad, Gooty to Faiz-Hissar, Dharwar to Quarshed-Sawad, Dindigul to Khaliqabad, Ratnagiri to Mustafabad, Kozhikode to Islamabad, and Dindigul to Khaliqabad
- Tipu Sultan had lost his sword in a war with the Nairs of Travancore during the Battle of Nedumkotta (1789), in which he was forced to withdraw due to a severe joint attack from the Travancore army and the British army.
- Tipu Sultan had an obsession for horticulture and gardening
- He relished important victories against the British in the second Anglo-Mysore War
- Sultan was killed in the fourth Anglo-Mysore war while defending his fort of Srirangapatnam against the combined forces of the British East India Company and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
- Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the former President of India, honoured Tipu Sultan as the innovator of the world’s first war rocket.
- The great brave warrior Tipu, he died on 4 May 1799 while fighting the British forces in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War.
- Tipu Sultan was officially recognized by the Government of India as a freedom fighter.