1. Chhattisgarh: This is one of the poorest states in India. About one-third of Chhattisgarh’s population lies below our extreme poverty line. 93% people are poor in Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh contributes 15% of the total steel produced in India. Chhattisgarh became a state in 2000 after its separation from Madhya Pradesh.
India is a country of diversity; be it culture, festivals or even wealth. On one hand, India has cities like Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi, where many people can afford luxuries in their lives. However, the country also holds several places, where people are extremely poor and are barely able to meet the ends.
We define the poorest as those who consume less than Rs.600 per capita per month in the villages and below Rs.860 per capita per month in the cities. These cutoffs help identify the poorest tenth of the Indian population. 10 Poorest states in India are as follows:
2. Jharkhand: poverty at the state level is around at 36.96%. Jharkhand’s social indicators such as literacy, enrollment, infant mortality and child nutrition are below all-India average. Jharkhand was a part of Bihar till 2000.
3. Manipur: Manipur was formed in 1972. Poverty in Manipur is 36.89%. The hills cover 90% of the total area in Manipur. Lack of power, transport and communication contribute to the industrial backwardness of the state. Social and economic infrastructure is one of the lowest in India.
4. Arunachal Pradesh: The 4th state in the poorest states in India in Arunachal Pradesh. People below the poverty line in this state are 34.67%. It is the largest among the northeastern states and was formed in 1987. Agriculture primarily drives the economy.
5. Bihar: The fifth position in the list of the poorest states in India is grabbed by Bihar. Half the population Bihar is below the poverty line. Poverty is around 33.74%. The reasons for the backwardness of agriculture are both institutional and technological. And structural and institutional factors acted as a barrier to the agrarian transformation.