Why was only BR Ambedkar chosen to make the constitution?

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Why was only BR Ambedkar chosen to make the constitution?

The entry of Dr.Babasaheb was mainly due to his professional approach, his excellent knowledge of constitution and his great work in “States and Minorities” which is a part foundation of our constitution today and his love over Our Nation. Even the Congress and Gandhi’s Constitution Chairman was Malavankar or someone else from the Congress or Foreign constitutional experts.

 

Dr.Babasaheb, having failed to get elected from Bombay due to Congress opposition, managed to enter the Constituent Assembly through the Bengal Assembly with the support of Jogendranath Mandal and other independent members who were Scheduled Class, Anglo-Indian member and even the Muslim League. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the sole Schedule class representative in the Constituent Assembly of the Scheduled Castes Federation. Consequent upon the partition of Bengal, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar ceased to be a member of the Constituent Assembly.

The work done by Dr. Babasaheb in various sub-committees ( Advisory Committee, Fundamental Rights sub-committee, Minorities sub-committee, Union Constitution Committee ) of the Constitutional Assembly was considered very useful. He submitted a memorandum to the Fundamental Rights sub-committee in which he gave concrete shape ideas. This memorandum was later published for wider circulation under the title ‘States and Minorities, what are their rights and how to secure them in the Constitution of free India’. This all convinced the Congress beyond doubt that the legislation and solidification of freedom would not be easy without the services of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar.

 

The Congress Party which had earlier opposed tooth and nail his entry into the Constituent Assembly came forward and sponsored his candidature. In his letter dated 30th June 1947, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly requested Mr. B.G.Kher, the then Prime Minister of Bombay to elect Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar immediately.

He wrote, “Apart from any other consideration we have found Dr. Ambedkar’s work both in the Constituent Assembly and the various committees to which he was appointed to he of such an order as to require that we should not he deprived of his services. As you know, he was elected from Bengal and after the division of the Province he has ceased to be a member of the Constituent Assembly.

I am anxious that he should attend the next session of the Constituent Assembly commencing from the 14th July and it is therefore necessary that he should be elected immediately”. Accordingly, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was re-elected in July 1947 from Bombay as a member of the Constituent Assembly. Soon after Prime Minister Nehru invited him to join the Cabinet he formed on 15th August 1947 on the eve of  independence. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar accepted the invitation and became India’s first Law Minister.

 

On 29th August the Assembly unanimously elected him as Chairman of the Drafting Committee which was assigned the task of framing the Constitution. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, who was a strong opponent of Congress had now become philosopher and guide in the Constitutional matters of India.

After the completion of his work, Dr.Babasaheb said “I feel the Constitution is workable; it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peace time and in war time”.

T.T.Krishnamachari in his speech in Constituent assembly about Dr.Babasaheb’s dedicatory contribution said, “Out of the seven members selected to prepare the draft constitution, one resigned, one died, one left for America, one was busy with his work in princely state, one or two live away from Delhi, some had to be excused for health reasons, Dr.Ambedkar was the only one who had to bear the burnt.”

The 1st President of India, Dr.Rajendra Prasad, praised the services rendered by Dr.Babasaheb in the making of the Constitution said, “I have carefully watched the day-to-day activities from the presidential seat. Therefore, I appreciate more than others with how much dedication and vitality this task has been carried out by the Drafting Committee and by its chairman Dr.Bhim Rao Ambedkar in particular. We never did a better thing than having Dr.Ambedkar on the Drafting Committee and selecting him as its chairman.”

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