After much speculation and many rumours about what ailed the much-loved Bollywood star Irrfan Khan, finally, he tweeted about the ‘rare disease’ that he has. And it is a neuroendocrine tumour. The actor added in his tweet that the disease is not about the brain. To quote him verbatim, “As for the rumours that were floated NEURO is not always about the brain.” The actor is going out of the country to seek treatment and asked for wishes to be sent. For those who are wondering what this disease is all about, here we tell you.
What is endocrine system
The body’s endocrine system is made up of cells that produce hormones. Hormones are chemical substances that are carried through the bloodstream that have a specific effect on the activity of other organs or cells in the body.
About endocrine and neuroendocrine tumours
A tumour begins when healthy cells change and grow out of control, forming a mass. A tumour can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body if it is not found early and treated. A benign tumour means a tumour can grow but will not spread. A benign tumour usually can be removed without it causing much harm.
- An endocrine tumour is a mass that begins in the parts of the body that produce and release hormones. Because an endocrine tumor develops from cells that produce hormones, the tumour can also produce hormones. This can cause serious illness.
- A neuroendocrine tumour begins in the hormone-producing cells of the body’s neuroendocrine system, which is made up of cells that are a combination of hormone-producing endocrine cells and nerve cells.
- Neuroendocrine cells are found throughout the body in organs such as the lungs and gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach and intestines. Neuroendocrine cells perform specific functions, such as regulating air and blood flow through the lungs and controlling how quickly food moves through the gastrointestinal tract.