It’s hot outside and inside too. Sweltering summer days don’t just make the environment uncomfortable; they also tend to raise your body temperature. One of the most common problems associated with staying outdoors for too long is catching a heat stroke. Heat stroke can kill or cause damage to the brain and other internal organs.
Heatstroke can also be fatal and therefore require proper care.
Warning signs of a heatstroke
If you are exposed to physical exertion or heat during the heatwave, you may get heatstroke. If you see any of the following symptoms or signs, it is best to see a doctor and get the proper care.
1. High body temperature
High body temperature is one of the most important signs of heatstroke. If the body temperature is more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit or 40 degree Celsius, it could be a warning sign.
Unexplained throbbing headaches could occur due to prolonged exposure to heat. If you cannot find the reason for the headache like hunger or sleep deprivation, it is best to see a doctor.
3. Nausea and vomiting
One of the key symptoms of heatstroke, you may experience nausea or vomiting due to the exposure to the heatwave. If nausea and vomiting are accompanied by headache, high fever, etc., it may be best to see a doctor.
4. Increased heart rate
High body temperatures place stress on the heart to cool the body down, because of which the heart rate and pulse may increase.
5. Flushed skin
As your body temperature rises and the heart rate increases, your face and skin may turn red due to the increased blood flow in your body.
Tips to stay safe and prevent heatstroke
It is important to keep yourself safe from the heatwave to prevent heatstroke and damage to your health and body. Here are a few tips that you must follow to get through the heatwave safe and sound.
1. Wear the right clothing
Wearing skin-friendly and light fabrics like cotton or linen and can help to cool down your body properly. Also, wearing tight clothing may not be the way to go, your skin needs space to breathe and cool down in the heat. Wear loose, light clothes to prevent your body temperature from rising.
2. Protect your body from sunburns
Sunburns hinder the ability of your body to cool itself down. Keeping your body safe from sunburns by using sunscreens with high SPF is a good way to keep your skin safe from sunburns, and prevent heatstroke. You must apply a generous amount of sunscreen, and reapply if you are swimming or sweating a lot.
3. Drink plenty of fluids and eat water-rich food
Drink water and plenty of other fluids to keep your body hydrated. Consume fruits and vegetables that are rich in water, like watermelon, bottle gourd, ridge gourd, cucumbers, etc. to make up for the water loss from the body due to excess sweating, and also to keep the body cool.
More Tips: Follow these simple steps to prevent heatstroke :
- Avoid direct exposure to sun. If you have to go outdoors carry a light coloured umbrella, hat or a scarf to cover yourself. Prefer to keep your activities for cooler parts of the day, early morning or evening.
- If you are feeling very hot, cool your face with wet wipes or a damp cloth.
- Take a cool shower to bring your temperature down.
- Wear loose fitting and light colored clothing. Avoid dark coloured clothes as they absorb heat. Light-colored clothing is better as they reflect sun rays . Prefer cotton against synthetic clothing.
- Keep yourself hydrated to maintain the body temperature. Keep drinking water after certain intervals even is you’re not thirsty. Avoid caffeinated or alcoholic drinks as they dehydrate your body.
- Drink enough fluids, water, lemon juice(nimbu-paani), lassi and chaach, wood apple squash, jal-jeera, aam panna, butter milk, coconut water etc.
- Avoid sudden temperature fluctuations, do not move from air conditioner to direct heat.
- If your work is more field oriented, take breaks in the shade or a cool area.
- Sunglasses are an essential part of your outfit in summers. They are not only stylish but also protect your eyes from bright light. Make sure to stick to UV (Ultraviolet) protected sunglasses.
- Eat fruits and vegetable which have high water content like watermelon, musk melon, mangoes, Beetroot (chukkandar), cucumber, pineapple, orange, grapes, spinach, lettuce, broccoli etc.
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Source- Internet and Research!
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice.