TB (tuberculosis) is a fatal infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. TB (tuberculosis) usually attacks the lungs mostly but it can affect other parts of the body except the lungs. When the person suffering from tuberculosis coughs, sneezes or speaks, it produces infectious droplet nuclei, which can infect another person through the air. These droplet nuclei are active in the atmosphere for several hours. When a healthy person comes in contact with these Mycobacterium tuberculosis droplet nuclei dissipated in the air, it may be infected by it.
Tuberculosis occurs in the dormant and active state. If the dormant TB patient does not provide treatment then the latent TB can turn into an active TB. But latent TB is not very contagious and deadly. According to World Health Organisation, more than 2 billion people in the world have latent TB infection.
Many people get nervous when they hear the name TB, because its treatment was not available everywhere. TB is a dangerous disease but its easy treatment is possible. So there is no need to panic. Symptoms of TB in babies and children are very common. Many times you ignore this disease and it become fatal over time. Each year, we recognize World TB Day on March 24. So, today, we will tell you symptoms of TB in children so that you could become aware about this disease.
Types of TB in children
Tuberculosis in children can be in many ways. Primitive Complex, Hair TB, Progressive Primary TB, Miliary TB (Severe Type), Brain TB, Bone TB.
Common symptoms of TB in children
Continuous coughing in the child for two weeks or more, is also a symptom of TB.
Tuberculosis germs reach baby’s lungs very quickly as compared to other organs of the body. It causes low-grade fever in the child. The baby starts sweating during sleep at night.
Tuberculosis is a lung disease. In this disease, the child starts having difficulty in breathing. And due to lack of oxygen, the child can also become unconscious.
Weight loss occurs when a child has TB. Due to tuberculosis, the child does not feel hungry and he refuses to eat, due to which his weight continues to decline.
Low Immune System
Due to cough and fever, the child’s immune system becomes very weak. For this reason, child’s energy gets reduced. The child starts to feel tired after walking or playing. He becomes less interested in any kind of sport.
Skin colour change
The child’s skin is very fragile, so when he has TB, his skin starts to become yellow or red. Apart from this, the child also develops skin infections.