Varieties of traditions have existed in all cultures across the world and many of these traditions continue to be practised to this date.
The significance and value of these traditional practices or festivals or rituals is very deep-rooted; often with thousands of years of history behind them besides close links to the religious beliefs and faiths. It is frequently deemed as the cultural identity of the community group.
Jallikattu is one such tradition being celebrated in Tamil Nadu, for probably last three thousand years. The article covers Myths and Facts about Jallikattu
Fact 1: The rock carvings and paintings found in the ancient caves in various excavation sites there have made the historians infer that Jallikattu was popular in those times as well. On the particular day of every year i.e. during Pongal festivities (or Makar Sankranti as known in North India) which falls around the middle of January, this rural sport and cultural event are being celebrated for centuries.
Fact 2: On the third day of the four day long Pongal celebrations ( called Mattu Pongal), the young men in the village try to tame the bull. The word Jallikattu is made from two words Jalli (meaning gold or silver coins) and kattu (means package).
Fact 3: The broad rule is that any person in the crowd can try to embrace the hump of the bull for some time while the bull is moving/running in the open ground and bring it to stop or hold the hump as long as possible to be declared the winner. In case, no person in the crowd is successful then the bull is declared the winner.
Fact 6: Besides the fact that the bull is revered in the religious minds of the populace, it is known to play an important role in the village ecosystem.
Fact 7: It serves to mate the cows to propagate the strong breed of the bovine population which is the mainstay of rural agricultural life and economy.
Fact 8: The Kangayam breed of bull, reckoned to be the most suitable type for mating cows for healthy progeny, is traditionally used in Jallikattu celebrations.