Sankashti Chaturthi is a day celebrated in the honor of Lord Ganesha, the god of knowledge, intelligence and good fortune. It is the tithi on the 4th day of waning Moon phase after the Full Moon Day or during Krishna Paksha, also called as Sankata Hara Chaturthi.
Celebrated across India, Sankashti Chaturthi is observed on the fourth day, or chaturthi, of every month in the Hindu calendar. The day is also linked with the Krishna Paksha, or the waning phase of the moon.
Chaturthi means fourth stage. Ganapathi is beyond three stages of human body i.e. awakened stage, dreaming stage and a middle stage between these two stages. When Ganesha is in his fourth stage, one can have his Darshana. Hence Chaturthi has special importance and devotees observe this by fasting and offering Poojas to the Lord. This vow is observed strictly by devotees to get rid of problems in their life.
What is Sankashti Chaturthi? Significance Of Sankashti Chaturthi
The Sankashti Chaturthi has a great significance. The pooja is performed for the well-being and prosperity of the family. The Sankashti Chaturthi pooja is performed in the evening after sighting the moon. The idol of Ganesha is placed on a clean platform. Flowers and Durva grass is offered to the Lord. Delicacies like laddoos and modaks are placed before Lord Ganesha.
After the sighting of moon, the pooja begins with reciting the Vrata Katha or the stories of the particular month. This pooja is usually performed by a couple who observe fast to get blessed with the progeny for the family to grow.
Legend of Angarki Sankashti Chaturthi
Angarki Chaturthi is an auspicious fasting day for Hindus that is observed on Sankashti Chaturthi that falls on a Tuesday. This vrat is dedicated to God Ganesha and is also known as ‘Angarki Sankashti Chaturthi’.
As per the legend, Angarak was a revered worshipper of Lord Ganesha. On Magha Krishna Chaturthi, Tuesday, the Lord answered his prayers and honored him to ask for a wish. To which, Angarak expressed that his only wish was to be associated with the Lord Himself. Lord Ganesha decreed that the Chaturthi of the Krishna Paksha be known as Angarki Sankashti Chaturthi and whoever will observe this day like Angarak will be bestowed with Ganesha’s blessings.
Rituals that are followed on Sankashti Chaturthi:
On this day devotees fast for whole day & break their fast after having Darshan of Lord moon and worshipping Lord Ganesha. They eat only fruits, vegetables and root plants throughout the day. Peanuts, potatoes and sabudana khichdi are prepared especially to mark this day’s fasting. The day’s fasting is broken only after the main puja is done.
In the evening, after having bath, worship Lord Ganesha by decorating him with kumkum, flowers and Durvas, offer Naivedya and perform Aarti while chanting mantras and Shlokas.
Lamps are lit, and devotees read the “vrat katha” specific to the month in which the Chaturthi is. The rituals for this day end with the sighting of the moon.
Devotees break the fast at night after having darshan/auspicious sight of the moon preceded by prayers to Lord Ganesha.
Special sweets or naivedya, including modaks, are offered to the deity during the puja. After the katha and aarti, these sweets are distributed as prasad.
Apart from worshipping Lod Ganesha, the moon is also worshipped on Sankashti Chaturthi. Water, chandan or sandalwood paste, rice and flowers are offered in the direction of the moon.
Reciting the Vedic hymns or mantras devoted to Lord Ganesha garners blessings on this day. Devotees chant the Ganesha Ashtothra, Sankashtnashana sthothra and Vakrathunda Mahakaya especially on Sankashti Chaturthi
Please consult your local priests, Temple or calendar for exact details. May Lord Ganesha bestow his blessings on us.!