There is no doubt that Bhagat Singh is one of the most celebrated martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. He has left behind a legacy that everyone wants to appropriate, yet most do not wish to look beyond the romantic image of a gun-toting young nationalist. Perhaps the reason is that this is the image that was created in the official colonial records partially, an image we inherited and conveniently accepted as truth.
Bhagat Singh and his thoughts
In a broader sense, if we analyze his work and way of working, we will find that he was a good visionary and thinker more than just a “patriot” or “Nationalist” revolutionary, in his life he tried to learn as much as possible. As he wrote in his writing “why I am an atheist” that he realized the importance of ‘study’ and He read books and articles of various thinkers like Voltaire, Fourier, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Maxim Gorki, Rousseau, Trotsky, Bakunin, Darwin, Thomas Jefferson, Tagore, Tom Paine, J. S. Mills, John Locke etc (from To make the deaf here by S. Irfan Habib) and he was well aware of revolutions like Russian, French and American. more than that from those experiences he got influenced by Socialism.
Protest against infamous bills
HSRA decided to protest against “Public Safety & Trade Dispute Bill”, by introducing these Bills British government wanted to curtail rights of Indians. Then on April 8th, 1929 Bhagat & Battukeshwar had thrown bombs in Delhi assembly, their aim was not to kill anyone or to create fear in British people but they wanted to show people that they are not willing to kill people, they are working on some points, some ideology and thoughts which are not irrelevant.
BhagatSingh: the thinker
He was a lover of study and when he was in Jail then also he asked his friends and brother to send some books and he spent his most of the time in reading those books. According to him, every youth should read more and more because study makes us to face the arguments of our opponents (He wrote for himself in a note ‘Why I am an Atheist’) and to support our point of view with convincing arguments For him, revolution means not only freedom from alien rule. His main focus was to create awareness among peasants and labourers.
Some suggested readings on Bhagat Singh:
- Krantikari Andolan ke Dastawez (Hindi), by Manmathnath Gupt (Samay Publications).
- The Martyr, Bhagat Singh; Experiments in Revolution, by Kuldeep nayar
- To Make the Deaf Hear, by S Irfan Habib, Three Essays Collective publications.
- Without Fear, by Kuldeep nayar.
- Bhagat Singh Aur unke Sathiyon Ke Dastawez (Hindi), by Jagmohan singh & Chaman Lal (Rajkamal Publication).