“If yet your blood does not rage, then it is water that flows in your veins. For what is the flush of youth, if it is not of service to the motherland.” – Chandra Shekhar Azad
When the name of Martyr Chandrasekhar Azad comes in the mind of every Indian, our mind draws an image of a young person who has pledged to overthrow the British rule in the younger age. On his 87th death anniversary we have gathered some facts you must know about the Indian revolutionary.
How he turned into a Fearless Fighter? Know Full Story
* Born on July 23, 1906, in the house of Pandit Sitaram Tiwari, this child started studying Sanskrit language in ‘Kashi Vidyapeeth’.
* In those days, there was a wave of non-cooperation movement in Benares. Chandrasekhar was arrested for the first time in his non-cooperation movement with his school students. Azad was only 15 years old at that time.
* At that time Benaras had become a stronghold for revolutionaries. Chandrasekhar, who became famous as Azad, met Pranav Chatterjee and Manmathnath Gupta and he became a member of the revolutionary party. The name of the party was the Hindustan Republican Union.
* Azad’s first activism remained in Kakori Kand ie Kakori Dacoity. On August 9, 1925, the revolutionaries ransacked the Saharanpur-Lucknow riding car at Kakori near Lucknow and looted the treasures of the British in it. Later all the revolutionaries involved were caught but Azad was never caught by the police.
* On December 17, 1928, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Azad took revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai by shooting British officer John Sanders in Lahore. He was appreciated on this step taken by the revolutionaries across India.
* Chandrashekhar adopted his last name ‘Azad’ which means ‘free’ in Urdu. On being produced in court, Azad declared that the police will never capture him alive.
* Azad’s most favourite verse was: Dushman ki goliyon ka hum samnaa karengey, Azad hi rahein hain, azaad hi rahengey!
He had vowed that he would never be arrested by the British police and kept his promise by using his last bullet to shoot himself in the head.
On the afternoon of 27 February Azad was in Alfred Park and was making further strategies. Suddenly a bullet was fired at Azad. Until he could do something, the police had surrounded him. He pulled out his pistol and asked his revolutionary companion to go. Azad kept fighting police for 20 minutes and injured many police officers. Another bullet was shot at him and Azad’s shoulder was badly injured.
Now there was only one bullet left in Azad’s pistol. He took some soil and applied on his forehead. Chandrasekhar Azad had sworn in his life that he will never come to the hands of the police alive. That’s why he shot himself. His pistol is exhibited at the Allahabad Museum.
After the independence, the park in which he passed away was changed to Chandrasekhar Azad Park and the village of Madhya Pradesh in which he used to live was changed to Azadpura.
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India is so lucky because it produced many freedom fighters and true patriotic like #ChandraShekharAzad
Some images, including the featured image have been used for representation purpose only.