Marriage is a socially supported union involving two or more individuals in what is regarded as a stable, enduring arrangement based at least in part on a sexual bond of some kind. Depending on the society, marriage may require religious and/or civil sanction, although some couples may come to be considered married simply by living together for a period of time (common law marriage). Though marriage ceremonies, rules, and roles may differ from one society to another, marriage is considered a cultural universal, which means that it is present as a social institution in all cultures.
4Marriage In Hinduism
Hindu marriage joins two individuals for life, so that they can pursue dharma (duty), artha (possessions), kama (physical desires), and moksha (ultimate spiritual release) together. It is a union of two individuals as husband and wife and is recognized by law. In Hinduism, marriage is followed by traditional rituals for consummation. In fact, marriage is not considered complete or valid until consummation. It also joins two families together. Favourable colours are normally red and gold for this occasion.
3Marriage In Islam
In Islam, marriage is a legal contract between two people. Both the groom and the bride are to consent to the marriage of their own free wills. A formal, binding contract is considered integral to a religiously valid Islamic marriage and outlines the rights and responsibilities of the groom and bride. There must be two Muslim witnesses to the marriage contract. Divorce in Islam can take a variety of forms, some initiated by the husband and some initiated by the wife.
Marriage is the legal union of a couple as spouses—an intimate and complementing union, between a man and a woman, in which the two become one physically in the whole of life. Christian marriage is a state instituted and ordained by God for the lifelong relationship between one man as husband and one woman as a wife. The Apostle Paul gave a similar directive when he wrote, “Let marriage be held in honour among all”.
In tribal marriages, both partners have equal rights to choose their life partners. So they have freedom and therefore various types of marriages are present in tribal society according to their social conditions.
- Marriage by the exchange.
- Marriage by capture is where a man forcibly marries a woman.
- Marriage by intrusion is where a woman forcibly marries a man.
- Marriage by probation allows a man to stay at woman place for weeks together after which if they decide to get married.
- Marriage by purchase or giving bride price. A man is required to give an agreed amount of cash/kind to the parents of the bride as the price which usually varies according to the physical beauty and utility of the bride.
- Marriage by service is where the man serves at his father-in-law’s house before marriage.
- Marriage by trial.
- Marriage by mutual consent.
- Marriage by elopement.