In the season of warming elections, Gujarat has more importance than the Himachal Pradesh. It is not because of prime minister Modi belongs to Gujarat but there is another lot of issues that make Gujarat more important over Himachal Pradesh. Here we compare both of the states in terms of election fever. let’s take a tour of both these states.
- The population of Gujarat State was 60,383,628, according to the 2011 census data. The population density is 308 km−2 (797.6/sq mi), lower than other Indian states.
The vote bank issue
According to 2011 census, the religious makeup in Gujarat was 88.6% Hindu, 9.7% Muslim, 1.0% Jain, 0.5% Christian, 0.1% Sikh, 0.05% Buddhist and 0.03% others. Around 0.1% did not state any religion. Hinduism is the major religion of the state, as about 89% population of the state is Hindu.
A major part of the Hindu population follows Vaishnavism. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. Gujarat has the third-largest population of Jains in India, following Maharashtra and Rajasthan Gujarat has 33 districts and 250 Talukas.
No. of seats…
- 26 Seats for Lok Sabha
- Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is situated in the capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from the single-seat constituencies and one member is nominated. It has a term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes.
The economy of Gujarat has significant agricultural as well as industrial production within India. Major Agricultural produce of the state includes cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), dates, sugar cane, milk & milk products. Industrial products include cement and petrol.
Gujarat recorded the lowest unemployment rate in India in 2015, with 1.2% of the labour force being unemployed.
The world’s largest ship-breaking yard is in Gujarat near Bhavnagar at Alang. Reliance Petroleum, one of the group companies of Reliance Industries Limited founded by Dhirubhai Ambani operates the oil refinery at Jamnagar which is the world’s largest grassroots refinery.The company has also planned another SEZ (special economic zone), in Jamnagar.
Gujarat: Larger business opportunities
Gujarat ranks second nationwide in gas-based thermal electricity generation with the national market share of over 8% and second nationwide in nuclear electricity generation with the national market share of over 1%.
Legatum Institute’s Global Prosperity Index 2012 has recognised Gujarat as the highest-scoring among all States of India on matters of social capital. The State ranks 15th in a list of 142 nations worldwide and actually ranks higher than several developed nations.
Large Form Of Agriculture
- Gujarat is the main producer of tobacco, cotton, and groundnuts in India. Other major crops produced are rice, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, tur, and gram. Gujarat has an agricultural economy; the total crop area amounts to more than one-half of the total land area.
- One of India’s most industrialized states, Gujarat maintains a variety of industries, the principal ones being general and electrical engineering and the manufacture of textiles, vegetable oils, chemicals, soda ash, and cement. New industries include the production of fertilizers and petrochemicals.
- Major resources produced by the state include cotton, peanuts, dates, sugarcane, and petrol. The state is rich in calcite, gypsum, manganese, lignite, bauxite, limestone, agate, feldspar and quartz sand and successful mining of these minerals is done in their specified areas.
- Gujarat produces about 91% of India’s required amount of628+9 soda ash and gives the country about 66% of its national requirement of salt. Chemical Industries in Gujarat count for more than 35% of Indian Chemicals production.
- Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females as per the final results of the Census of India 2011.
The less vote bank issue
- Hinduism is the main religion in Himachal Pradesh. More than 95% of the total population belongs to the Hindu faith, the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state.Himachal Pradesh thus has one of the highest proportions of Hindu population in India.
- Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Buddhism and Sikhism. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. The Lahaulis of Lahaul and Spiti region are mainly Buddhists. Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%.
Comparatively very less no. of seats…
- Himachal Pradesh has four Lok Sabha constituencies, Kangra, Shimla, Mandi and Hamirpur. Of these, Shimla is reserved for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes (SC). The state sends three members to the Rajya Sabha.
- The state legislature is unicameral and has 68 members.
The total GDP was estimated at ₹ 254 billion as against ₹ 230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%
- Agriculture contributes about 9.4% to the net state domestic product.It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers in the state. The main cereals grown are wheat, maize, rice and barley.
- Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of 5 lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. The apple cultivation constitutes 49 percent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore.
Hydropower: Small source of income
Hydropower is also one of the major sources of income generation for the state.The identified Hydroelectric Potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins and annual hydroelectricity production is 8,418 MW.
Tourism: Source Of Income
Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state’s economy and growth. The mountainous state with its Himalayan landscapes attracts tourists from all over the world. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dalhousie, Chamba, Dharamshala and Kullu are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists.