India’s Largest Polio Programme For 2018 For Healthy Children’s Of Nations

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India's Largest Polio Programme For 2018 For Healthy Children's Of Nations
India's Largest Polio Programme For 2018 For Healthy Children's Of Nations

Concerned over any entry of poliovirus from other countries, the government on Saturday launched Pulse Polio programme for 2018. As a part of the drive, more than 17 crore children of less than five years across the country will be given polio drops to sustain polio eradication from the country.

In India, the last polio case was recorded on 13 January 2011. India maintains a sensitive surveillance system for polio. All cases of paralysis with sudden onset in children up to 15 years (which is called Acute Flaccid Paralysis or AFP) are picked up by the polio surveillance network. Each of these cases is followed up and their stool samples tested for poliovirus in World Health Organization (WHO) accredited laboratories. In addition, sewage samples are collected from over 30 sites spread across the country for poliovirus detection at regular intervals

Between January 2015 and May 2016, a total of 14 sewage samples collected from different parts of the country tested positive for vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs). None of these VDPVs detected in the sewage infected any children, so far.

The country has done two nationwide polio campaigns this year. Polio vaccination is being carried out at international borders and is a must for people travelling to polio-affected countries. India was declared polio-free on 27 March 2014. Despite India being polio-free, it has made cross-border surveillance stringent.

According to WHO data, in 2016, Pakistan reported 20 wild poliovirus cases while Afghanistan saw 13 cases. The WHO has also said that international travellers carry the risk of spreading the virus.

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