Union Minister L Mandaviya along with Uppal legislator NVSS Prabhakar inaugurated Bharatiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra. The minister claimed that the Central government has established Jan Aushadhi Kendra to provide medicines at cheaper rates.
The scheme is creating a silent revolution in achieving health security for all by providing affordable, quality medicines. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of providing affordable, quality medicines to all can only be achieved through the Janaushadhi Pariyojana.
Over the years India has developed a strong capability in producing quality branded and generic medicines in most of the therapeutic categories, evolving from a mere Rs 1,500 crores industry in 1980 to a more than Rs 1,19,000 crores industry in 2012.
However, although these medicines are reasonably priced, as compared to the prices of their equivalent medicines in most other countries, yet a large population of poor people in the country, find it difficult to afford the more expensive branded category of medicines. Accordingly, ‘ensuring availability of quality medicines at affordable prices to all’, has been a key objective of the Government.
JAS can be opened and operated by an NGO/Institution/Co-operative Society identified by State Governments on the free space provided in the premises of Government Hospital by the State Governments. Further, any NGO/Society/Trust/Institution/Self Help Group having experience of operation in welfare activities for 3 years and having space and financial capacity or any individual including un-employed pharmacist / medical practitioner having space and financial capacity can open a JAS store.
This will be given @ 10% of monthly sales subject to a ceiling of Rs.10,000/- per month up to a limit of Rs.1.5 lakhs. In the North-Eastern States, Naxal affected areas and tribal areas, the rate of incentive will be 15% and subject to a monthly ceiling of Rs.15,000/- and a total limit of Rs.1.5 lakhs. The margin available for the Retailers is up to 20% and for Distributors up to 10%. The margin was increased from the original 16% so as to ensure a reasonable level of profitability for them. Though sourcing of medicines is done through open tender, central PSUs are given a preference.
The list of medicines along with their maximum retail price (MRP) and the location of stores are available:- Here
Schemes similar to JAS are operated separately by certain state Governments also. For instance, Kerala Consumerfed started the “Neethi Medical Stores” with the assistance of Government of Kerala from 1 November 1998, i.e., 10 years prior to JAS. Under this scheme, medicines are made available to the consumers at a price of 13% to 40% less of the MRP. The role of Consumerfed in the scheme mainly is to procure and distribute medicines on a wholesale basis as per the requirement of the Neethi Medical stores.
A countrywide campaign, for ensuring availability of generic medicines at affordable prices for all, under the project title “Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana (PMJAY)” was initiated by the Department of Pharmaceuticals in association with Central Pharma Public Sector Undertakings. It envisages key initiative of the opening of dedicated outlets Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Kendras (PMJAK) where high-quality generic medicines are sold at low prices. Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is implementing the scheme.
As on 20.09.2016, 437 Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Kendras spread over 26 States/UTs are operational across the country. The Government is committed to open 3000 PMJAK by March 2017 across India as per a press release dated 20 September 2016.