Know 10 Things About Jyotiba Phule, Who Opened First School For Girls

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule
Jyotirao Govindrao Phule

Today is the birth anniversary of a great Indian thinker, social worker, writer Jyotirao Govindrao Phule of the 19th century. He was born today on 11th April 1827. Jyotirao Phule known as Mahatma Phule and Jyotiba Phule. He is a legend who dedicated his life for Dalit and women upliftment.

President Ramnath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave tribute to Jyotiba Phule via Twitter. PM Modi tweeted – Tributes to Mahatma Phule on his Jayanti. His pioneering and relentless emphasis on social reform greatly helped the marginalised. He was unwavering in his commitment towards improving the condition of women and furthering education among the youth.


India’s President Ram Nath Kovind tweeted- Homage to Mahatma Jyotiba Phule on his birth anniversary. An iconic nation builder, his efforts towards social reform, women’s education, and freedom from caste prejudice remain an inspiration for us #PresidentKovind

Jyotiba Phule Jayanti: Read Rare Facts About Jyotiba Phule Who Was An Anti-Brahminist

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule With His Wife
Jyotirao Govindrao Phule With His Wife

1. Jyotiba Phule was born on 11th April 1827 in Pune. His family used to make floral garlands. This was the reason why his family was known as Phule. When Jyotiba was only one year old, his mother died.

2. Mahatma Phule was Marathi, he studied in Marathi for some time but left his studies in the middle. Later, at the age of 21, he completed his 7th standard in English.

3. Jyotiba Phule, the Marathi social worker, coined the word ‘Dalit’ for the lower castes.

4. In September 1873, he formed an organization named ‘Satya Shodhak Samaj’.

5. He was a strong critique of child marriage and supporter widows marriage.

6. He opposed Brahminism and started marriage ceremonies without any Brahmins and later it also got recognition from the Bombay High Court.

7. His wife Savitri Bai Phule was also a social worker. She is known as the first woman teacher of India and the first leader of the women liberation movement.

8. With his wife, he had opened a school in 1848 for girls’ education.

9. In 1873 Jyotiba Phule’s book ‘Ghulagiri’ was published. Although this book was of very less pages but many movements in South India were affected by the views expressed in it, 8. Jyotiba Phule wrote many books like ‘Tritiya Ratna’, ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji’, ‘Raja Bhosle Ka Pakhra’, ‘Kisan Ka Kora’ and ‘Achuton ki Kaifiiyat.’

10. Thanks to the struggle of Jyoti Phule and his organization Satyashodhak Samaj because  of which government passed the Agriculture Act. Mahatma Jyotiba Phule left the world in Pune on November 28, 1890 at the age of 63.

He also got the title of Mahatma

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule
Jyotirao Govindrao Phule

Belonging to the Mali caste, Phule was given the title of Mahatma on May 11, 1888, by Vithalrao Krishnaji Vandekar, a Maharashtrian social activist. Phule breathed his last in 1890 and shall it be termed as co-incidence that Ambedkar was born in 1891.

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