Google has made a colorful doodle on its homepage on Tuesday 03 April 2018. Through the Google doodle, the search giant greeted India’s social reformer and freedom fighter Kamladevi Chattopadhyay on her 115th Birth anniversary.
Kamladevi played an important role in reviving the Indian handloom after Independence. Today, many institutions related to performing arts in India are the result of Kamaladevi’s vision which include the National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Academy, Central Cottage Industries Emporium and the Craft Council of India.
Kamladevi was married at 14
Kamladevi Chattopadhyay was born in Mangalore (Karnataka). Her father was a District Collector of Mangalore. When Kamladevi was only seven years old, his father died and she was married at the age of 14. But after two years, her husband Krishna Rao died. While studying at the Queen Mary’s College in Chennai, she met Sarojini Naidu’s younger sister and they met her brother Harendra Nath Chattopadhyay. They became friends and they got married. She was criticized for widow remarriage and inter – caste marriage but she did not pay attention to the criticism.
Kamala Devi established the ‘All India Women’s Conference’
She was the first Indian woman to show the courage to stand in the political election in the 1920s, even at that time when the majority of Indian women did not even know the meaning of the word ‘freedom.’
Kamladevi also tried her luck in films
She appeared in two silent films. Out of this, one Kannada movie was the industry’s first silent film – ‘ Mricchakatika (1931).’ In the film ‘Tansen’ she shared her screen with KL. Saigal and Khurshid. After that Kamaladevi also did films like ‘Shankar Parvati (1943)’ and ‘Dhanna Bhagat (1945)’.
Contribution of Kamaladevi in India’s freedom movement
Kamladevi went to London with her husband Harendra Nath Chattopadhyay. But when she came to know about Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement in 1923, she came to India and joined the freedom movement. She also participated in Gandhiji’s salt Satyagraha. After independence the country was partitioned, and the refugees were looking for a place to settle down, at that time Kamladevi took the responsibility of establishing a township with permission from Gandhiji.
Faridabad came in existence where 50,000 refugees got the place of residence.
Her main works
It includes- ‘The Awakening of Indian Women’, ‘Japan It’s Weakness and Strength’, ‘Uncle Sam Empire’, ‘In War-Torn China’ and ‘Towards a National Theater’.
She has got many awards
Kamaladevi was awarded Padma Bhushan by the government in 1955 for her work, and in 1987, she was also honored by Padma Vibhushan which is second highest civilian award. She has also been honored with the Raman Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 1966.
India Will Always Remember #KamaladeviChattopadhyay For Her Contributions.