It is very hard for women to enter into the political career and it becomes harder when she doesn’t have a strong political family background. But in case of Bengal, Where communist-ruled for a long time, the field of politics becomes hardest, especially for a woman to enter. But here we had a great example. Yes, we are taking about Mamta Banerjee.
Mamata Banerjee is the ninth Chief Minister of West Bengal, India. She is the first lady to hold the Chief Minister’s office in the state. On 19 May 2016, she became the only women CM to win two consecutive terms.
- Popularly referred to as “Didi” (elder sister) in Bengal, she created history in the state with a sweeping victory in the 2011 Legislative Assembly elections of West Bengal that uprooted the 34-year-long Left Front government led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist). It was the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government in the world.
- Banerjee also holds the record of being the first woman Railway minister of the nation. She held the post twice. Other prominent posts held by her include Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Minister of Coal, Women and Child Development, and Department of Youth Affairs and Sports.
Mamata Banerjee was born on 5 January 1955 in Kolkata (erstwhile Calcutta), West Bengal, to a lower-middle-class Bengali family. Her father was Promileswar Banerjee and her mother was Smt. Gayatri Devi. She lost her father at the age of nine. She is not married. Her artistic passion unfolds in self-taught painting and poetry.
How did Mamata Banerjee enter politics?
Mamata Banerjee’s entry into politics was at a young age when she was still in school. She joined the Congress (I) Party in the state and served in different posts both within the party and other political groups. Her rise up the political ladder in the 1970s was quick and she was made the Mahila Congress General Secretary from 1976 to 1980.
Represented India in the U.N. General Assembly
- Represented the nation at the World Women Round Table Conference held at Russia as a woman parliamentarian.
- Attended World Youth Conference at Vietnam as a representative of India.
- Attended the Working Women Conference of ICFTU and ILO held at Kuala Lumpur.
- Observed dharna for 21 days in 1991 to restore human rights.
- Observed protests against deaths in lock-ups and atrocities on women in India, particularly in West Bengal.
- Mamata Banerjee is also credited with taking the initiative to solve the longstanding Gorkhaland problem. On 2 September 2011, a semi-autonomous body called the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA) was formed to administer Darjeeling. The GTA has financial, administrative and executive power, excluding legislative powers.
- Before joining politics full time, Banerjee worked as a stenographer, a primary school teacher, a private tutor and even as a salesgirl.
- Mamata Banerjee is an avid painter and you will also see her painting at rallies and other political gatherings too. She is said to be finishing her paintings in less than few hours.