One of the greatest Indian warriors, Maharana Pratap was born on May 9 in the year 1540 and was the eldest son of Maharana Udai Singh and Maharani Jaiwanta Bai. Maharana Pratap is a symbol of Rajput valor, gallantry and diligence. He was a standalone fighter against Mughal supremacy and fought all his life to free his homeland, Mewar Rajputana, from their control.
Legends of warrior Maharana Pratap have been narrated from one generation to the next, but there are some interesting facts of about this brave warrior that many people may not have heard. This list captures the life and times of Maharana Pratap.
He was a tough warrior
Rana Uday Singh of Mewar had 33 children, among them the eldest was Pratap Singh. Self-respect and virtuous behaviour were the main qualities of Pratap Singh. The great warrior Maharana Pratap stood at 7 feet 5 inches and weighed around 110 kilograms! His spear weighed 81 kilograms, the armour of his chest weighed 72 kg and the overall weight of Maharana’s spear, armour, shield and two swords weighed up to 208 kilograms.
Maharana Pratap had 11 wives, 17 sons and 5 daughters
Maharana married many Rajput princesses, which was a measure taken to strengthen Rajput unity.
His battle skills were exemplary
Stories about Maharana Pratap’s bravery still resonate in Rajasthan. In one battle, a Mughal army solider sneaked up on him to assault him from behind but the Maharana caught the movement from the edge of his eye. A powerful swing of the sword felled both the soldier and his horse, goes the tale.
Upheld the dignity of women
One one occasion Amar Singh had taken some Muslim women as trophy hostages after a battle. Maharana Pratap rebuked his son for doing so. The women were freed and sent home with dignity.
The Haldighati War is an example of Maharana Pratap’s bravery
The heroic Battle of Haldighati fought in June 1576 saw 22,000 Rajput warriors fighting against more than two lakh Mughal soldiers led by Raja Man Singh and Asaf Khan.
In spite of numeric strength on their side, the Mughals could not imprison Rana who fled through a 40-kilometre long pass.
His war horse, Chetak, died to save Rana Pratap
Rana Pratap’s faithful horse named Chetak became immortal in the Battle of Haldighati. Chetak, which was gravely injured, leapt over a big canal to save Rana Pratap.
Chetak died in this effort. Maharana cried like a child on Chetak’s death and mourned for his lost companion. Later, a beautiful garden was constructed in Chetak’s memory at the place where Chetak died.
He never accepted Emperor Akbar’s supremacy
Rana Pratap declined several offers of peace. He had vowed never to accept the supremacy of the Mughals and of Emperor Akbar.
Declining a life of comfort and luxury in exchange for freedom, Rana Pratap battled the occupying Mughal forces all his life.
Lived by a pledge to free the homeland
The strong fort of Chittor was the heritage of Mewar house and had been overrun by Mughal forces. Pratap made a pledge that he would sleep on a bed of straw and eat out of leaf plate till Chittor was reclaimed. Pratap battled the Mughals for many years, but could not win back Chittor. However, he lived by his pledge. Till his very last breath, Maharana Pratap dreamed of Chittor’s freedom.
Pay a humble tribute to #MaharanaPratap on his birth anniversary.