Recently Modi visited the Philippines. During visiting of prime minister Modi Philippines head amended the name of IRRI as Shri Narendra Modi Resilient Rice Field Laboratory in the honour of our PM. It shows the international politics and relations effected by the Modi. let us have a look at policies that attracts south-east Asia towards our nation.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi contributed two Indian rice seed varieties to the gene bank of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines. A ‘rice field laboratory’ named after Prime Minister Modi was also inaugurated by him at the institute.
He unveiled a plaque marking the inauguration of the Shri Narendra Modi Resilient Rice Field Laboratory.
“A contribution from India to IRRI…presented two Indian rice seed varieties to the IRRI gene bank,” the prime minister tweeted.
- Modi, on his part, expressed interest in expanding cooperation with the Philippines in the renewable energy sector and welcomed the country to join the Solar Alliance. He also invited Duterte to visit India to take part in the 25th anniversary of India-ASEAN relations which will be celebrated next year.
- One of Modi’s foreign policy priorities has been better relations with its Southeast Asian neighbours, with his assertion of turning the erstwhile “Look East” policy into an “Act East.” This combined with strengthened ASEAN-India relations have had a positive impact on bilateral relations, with an impetus on trade and investment. This has especially been the case since the initiation of ASEAN-India Summit-level partnership and establishment of East Asia Summit, of which India is a founding member.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines and offices in seventeen countries with ~1,300 staff. IRRI is known for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s which preempted the famine in Asia.
The Institute, established in 1960 aims to reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers, and ensure environmental sustainability of rice farming. It advances its mission through collaborative research, partnerships, and the strengthening of the national agricultural research and extension systems of the countries IRRI works in.
IRRI is one of 15 agricultural research centres in the world that form the CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, a global partnership of organizations engaged in research on food security. It is also the largest non-profit agricultural research centre in Asia.
‘Act East’ to ‘Look East’
- India’s ‘Act East’ policy, upgraded from the ‘Look East’ policy in 2014, serves as a platform for deepening and strengthening its relationship with Asian and the East Asian economies. The least-developed nations of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV) have been a special focus area for India.
- The four, together, account for over a quarter of Asean’s population and 12 percent of its GDP. Over the last three years, the average growth rate of the region was 7.2 percent, well above the Asian average of less than 5 percent.
- At a time when manufacturing facilities are shifting to lower-cost economies, both India and the CLMV countries enjoy an advantage. With ‘Make in India’ emerging as a key campaign for manufacturing, developing new global value chains in partnership with the four least-developed economies of Asian would bring benefits to both sides.
- While trade and investment must be greatly increased, it is also important for India to develop infrastructure projects for transport connectivity.
- India has also strategically focussed on human capacity development and small projects with high impact to address poverty alleviation.
- Regarding trade between the two sides, it is pertinent to note that there was a sixfold increase between 2006 and 2015, to stand at $12 billion.
- However, in 2015, trade fell owing to global conditions. India’s exports came in at $9 billion and imports at $3.8 billion in 2015-16, the bulk of this arising in Vietnam. Trade with Cambodia and Lao PDR remain at very low levels, despite doubling over the year.