No Confidence Motion: Here is everything that you need to know

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Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan on Wednesday accepted the no-confidence motion moved by the Opposition parties against the Narendra Modi-led NDA government. 
Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan on Wednesday accepted the no-confidence motion moved by the Opposition parties against the Narendra Modi-led NDA government. 

Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan on Wednesday accepted the no-confidence motion moved by the Opposition parties against the Narendra Modi-led NDA government. Discussions on the no-confidence motion against the government are likely to be taken up on Friday in Lok Sabha and on Monday in Rajya Sabha.

Here’s what ‘motion of no confidence’ means:

A motion of no confidence means that “a person(s) in a position of responsibility is no longer deemed fit to hold that position”. In the current scenario, it would mean that that the parliament no longer has confidence in Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The Indian constitution does not mention no-confidence, however, Article 75 specifies that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People. The implication of this Article is that the majority of Lok Sabha MPs must not be against the prime minister and his cabinet.

Additionally, Article 118 of the constitution permits both houses of Parliament to make its own rules for its functioning. Lok Sabha’s Rule 198 mentions the procedure for a motion of no-confidence. So a no-confidence motion can only be passed in Lok Sabha as Rule 198 allows any member of the House to give a written notice.

Once a notice is given, the speaker reads it in the House and asks those who are in favour of it. In case there are 50 MPs in favour, a date for discussing the motion is assigned. If at all during the debate and the eventual vote, which has to take place within 10 days of the notice, the majority of the members vote in favour of the motion then the motion is passed and the government in power has to vacate the office.

NOT THE FIRST NO CONFIDENCE MOTION FOR NDA

The Atal Bihari Vajpayee led-National Democratic Alliance in 1999 had lost its majority by one vote. If in 2018 it is TDP

and YSR Congress giving the no-confidence notice, back then it was Jayalalithaa’s AIADMK that withdrew support of the NDA and forced a no-confidence motion.

In 2003, the Congress again had brought a motion against the Vajpayee led NDA government after George Fernandes was re-inducted as Defense Minister. However, at that time Vajpayee government had sufficient numbers to keep the PMO.

What happens if both a motion for no-confidence and a motion for confidence are tabled?

In 1990, when V P Singh had tabled a motion of confidence and a member had given the notice for a no-confidence motion, the Speaker had given precedence to government business and taken the motion of confidence.

What happens if the prime minister loses a motion of confidence?

He has to resign, and the President has to identify another person who enjoys the confidence of the Lok Sabha.

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