Samyukta was a daughter-princess of Kannauj and one of the three wife-Queen of Prithviraj Chauhan, who is known for her mesmerizing beauty with brains as she was one of the most determined Indian women at that time.
- Sanyukta, also known as Sanyogita, Sanjukta, or Samyukta. Jaichand and Prithviraj belonged to a rival Rajput clan. Jaichand’s daughter, Samyogita, was a headstrong girl who was known for her bewitching beauty. She is said to have fallen in love with Prithviraj, She desired nobody but him. The love story of Rani Samyuktha and Prithviraj is one of the most popular romantic tales of India.
- As Prithviraj’s personality spoke of nobility and chivalry, Sanyukta was spoken of for her bewitching beauty. She was the beautiful princess of Kannauj ruled by her father Jaichand. Jaichand belonged to the rival Rajput clan of the Chauhans, the Rathods and grew envious of Prithviraj’s vast spreading glory.
The Love Story
- Samyukta secretly expressed her love for her beloved and the two exchanged their amorous feelings for each other through secret correspondence. Jaichand came to know of Samyukta’s feelings for Prithviraj and wanted to put an end to it. He organized a Swayamvara (a form of marriage where a princess could choose her husband from the invited kings or princes) for his daughter and had the most valiant and noble kings invited. But Jaichand deliberately placed the statue of the uninvited Prithviraj at the door of the hall indirectly implying that he was akin to a doorkeeper.
- Samyukta had secretly notified Prithviraj about the Swayamvara and the disgrace her father was about to impose on him. Hence the brave king according to a well-devised strategy hid behind the statue. He acted quickly by carrying her away on his horseback much to the dismay of her father and the invitees.
The lovers then spent a lot of amorous moments with each other. Prithviraj was so enthralled by the beauty of his beloved that he almost neglected his kingly indulgence in equipping himself in the methods of warfare. This invited Mohammed Ghori an Afgan ruler to wage war against Prithviraj. Prithviraj emerged victorious in the war( Tarain war I) and in the next battle of tarain Prithviraj was defeated and captured in the second war against Ghori( Tarain War II).
At The End
- Here some historians say that no one knows what happened to Sanyogita. Some say she committed Jauhar.
- But Prithviraj was alive, he was taken as the prisoner so it is logical to say Sanyogita cannot commit suicide because her husband was not dead.
- Some historians and writers say it with great taste that Muhammad Ghori knew about Prithviraj’s beautiful wife Sanyogita because that time stories of love between Prithviraj and Sanyogita were very much popular. After taking Prithviraj as the prisoner he captured his wife Sanyogita before she could understand anything.