Nowadays in a political point of view, regional political parties severely affect the national political system. A national government can’t make a law without concerning with regional political parties. All the system of decision-making body going to mashed up with all these large numbers of regional political parties.
Do you know from where all north Indian regional political parties arise? Let you know that regional political parties of north India, especially from UP, M.P and Bihar have the same root of origin i.e Jaya Prakash Narayan. Yes, all these north Indian regional political parties arise from “total revolution moment” that is headed by Jaya Prakash Narayan.
About Jaya Prakash Narayan
Jaya Prakash Narayan ( 11 October 1902 – 8 October 1979), popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak (Hindi for The Folk Hero), was an Indian independence activist, theorist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he called a “total revolution”. His biography, Jayaprakash, was written by his nationalist friend and an eminent writer of Hindi literature, Ramavriksha Benipuri. In 1999, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in recognition of his social work.
JP was the socialist leader the youth across the country looked up to. The Quit India movement turned him into a folk hero. Yet, many may say, his defining moment was in the 1970s, when he came out of political retirement, first to guide the Bihar movement, then to bring the opposing forces together to defeat the powers that foisted the Emergency on the country. Nearly all of Bihar’s current leaders began their engagement with politics in the Bihar movement.
JP was suspicious of power. His political thought constantly explored ways and means to keep power and the powerful in check.
Plot Behind The Story
Everything was going right for the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the early years of the 1970s. A massive electoral mandate, a decisive victory against Pakistan, a very catchy ‘Garibi Hatao’ slogan that caught the attention of the country and the Pokhran nuclear test — these were just some of the things that made the erstwhile ‘Goongi Gudiya’ (the name given to her by Ram Manohar Lohia) the formidable leader she became, prompting one Congress leader to say that “Indira is India and India is Indira”.
It is fashionable among India’s elitist “intellectual” circles to target anyone related to the Hindu renaissance movement as fascist or Nazi. The only time that Independent India saw democratic rights completely being crushed was under the Congress rule.
It was the Lok Sangharsh Samiti under the leadership of Jai Prakash Narayan which ensured that Bharat breathed freely again. The Lok Sangharsh Samiti had thousands of volunteers from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, known as the RSS which spearheaded the Hindu renaissance movement since 1925.
“A book by a senior official in the Prime Minister’s Office Sri Bishan Tandon gives details about the events of those crucial days. He writes in the PMO diary ” Her objective is clear: whatever happens, she must remain PM. The senior leaders will applaud her as she does whatever she wants. Our ideals, values and yardsticks can go to hell. Is democracy nearing its end in our country “? ( quoted in Sri LK Advani’s blog).”
‘The Economist’, London, on 4-12-1976 described the movement as “the only non-left revolutionary force in the world”. It said that the movement was “dominated by tens of thousands of RSS cadres, though more and more young recruits are coming”. Talking about its objectives it said, “its platform at the moment has only one plank: to bring democracy back to India”.
The Emergence Future Leaders
The country rose as one voice under the banner of Lok Sangharsh Samiti lead by Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan. Thousands of RSS volunteers under the direction of Sarsanghchalak Balasaheb Deoras plunged into the movement. Almost all of them who participated in the movement were people on whom depended their entire family….and yet their family members supported their fight for democracy.
Not only did the Emergency signal the formal birth of an anti-Congress mood in the country, but it also triggered structural fault lines that the country’s oldest party never overcame. All these incidents are responsible for origin regional political parties because the youth that had participated in this moment is the founder of regional political parties like the Samajwadi Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Rashtriya Lok Dal, Apna dal and much more.