The Border Security Force is India’s primary border police force and is one of the five Central Police Forces of the Union of India. The main role of BSF is to take care of the International Border of India during the peacetime and helps the Indian Army to manage the border during the wartime.
- BSF founded in 1965 after the Indo-Pak war revealed the weaknesses of the Indian border security system and are dedicated to protecting all international boundaries of India.
- The BSF is the world’s largest border guarding force with 186 battalions and 2.4 lakh personnel to its name.
- Their motto really is ‘Duty Unto Death’. Seriously, how badass is that.
- It is the only Indian paramilitary force with its own Marine and Air wings and Artillery regiments that support the general duty battalions in their operations.
- The BSF has a separate camel and dog wing that lets them expand their reach into varied terrain and threatening situations.
- The BSF also run a national level dog breeding and training facility. The ‘National Training Center for Dogs’ trains canine experts in the infantry, patrolling, detection of explosives and tracking.
- The founding father and first general of the BSF were K.F. Rustamji from the Indian Police Services.
- They maintain a unique Tear Smoke Unit (TSU) in Tekanpur since 1976 that produces tear gas munitions for anti-riot forces.
- The BSF has access to special all-terrain vehicles for their personnel in the Rann of Kutch. These help them monitor over 4,000 km of inhospitable terrains in Gujarat.
- They have an elite force called the Creek Commando Force that means the hostile creek area of Pak-bordering Gujarat. Trained to endure the harshest of environments, these may well be our borders’ super-soldiers.
- BSF played a significant role in freeing Bangladesh. They helped the senior leaders of the Awami League Party to become stronger after the Pakistani massacres in 1971.
- The BSF was deployed in the most sensitive areas during the Kargil War in 1999. They joined the Army and the rest, as they say, is history.
- It is the BSF that conducts the Wagah border ceremony on the Indian side of the border.
- Peace-time or war, the BSF is always at work – defending the borders during the war, and guarding and preventing trans-border crime during peace-time.
- This law enforcement force has the biggest women’s contingents. Numerous women hold significant positions including those of combat ranks.
The country we are living in carries a great external threat, such as terrorism. We should give a big salute to the BSF for performing their duty sincerely and providing us with a safe feeling in our motherland.