TB is a serious disease that is a life-threatening condition for tuberculosis, tuberculosis, in many cases, fatal infectious disease, which is caused by micro bacteria, usually due to various types of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis usually attacks the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. It spreads through the air, when those people who are infected with active TB infection, transmit their saliva through cough, sneezing, or some other way through the air. Most infections are asymptomatic and inert, but one in ten infections are eventually converted to active disease, which is left untreated, more than 50% of such infected people die.
The most shocking thing is that in the case of TB, India is number one in seven countries, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) report that in 2016, 1.04 million new cases of Tuberculosis (TB) worldwide India came first in the seven countries, with 64 per cent. Because of this, there were 4.23 lakh deaths in India in 2016. On Monday the World Health Organization has released TB report 2017. The highest TB cases in the in India. In 2016, most cases were introduced in India, after that in Indonesia, China, Philippines and Pakistan found many cases.
In China, the number of TB-infected patients is one-third of India, while China’s population is more than India. Most TB patients are in Indonesia. The number of TB patients is 10.2 lakh. There are more than 5 lakh TB patients in the Philippines and Pakistan. According to another report, 211 cases per 100,000 TB cases are registered in India.
The ideal symptom of active TB infection is chronic cough, fever, night sweating and weight loss with blood-stained sputum. Infections of other organs, presents a wide range of symptoms. Diagnosis of active TB depends on radio biology, (usually chest x-ray), as well as microbiological investigations and microbiological cultures of body fluids.
Diagnosis of inner or hidden TB depends on tubercular skin tests and / or blood tests. Treatment is difficult and for this, it requires treatment through many antibiotics in a long period. Social connections are also investigated and treated if necessary.