World Soil Day (WSD) is observed annually on 5 December as a means to focus attention on the importance of healthy soil. The day celebrates the importance of soil as a critical component of the natural system as the ground beneath our feet is necessary for the survival of life on Earth. Did you know that soil erosion has destroyed empires?
The fact is that soil remains a complete mystery to most people and today in honor of the day, we bring you most important points that you must know about soil.
Have a look…
Fact #1 Soil Is Alive
Shocked Right? The fact is soil is one of our largest reservoirs of biodiversity. It contains approx one-third of all living organisms and is home to billions of living microorganisms which recycle organic material to maintain soil fertility and support plant growth.
One small cup of soil may hold more than 7 billion bacteria which is the equivalent of our world’s human population! It means it has more living organisms than there are human beings on Earth right now.
Fact #3 It takes Centuries to build centimeters
Did you know it can take more than 500 years to form two centimeters of topsoil? It is the outermost layer of soil which has a high concentration of nutrients and is crucial for crop growth.
Soil acts as a filter for underground water and filters out pollutants. About 10% of the World’s CO2 emissions are stored in soil only. That is why soil mismanagement has contributed to climate change.
All human beings depend on the soil to grow food and support the buildings we live and work in. But our activities is damaging soils which can disrupt the balance that sustains life.
On World Soil Day 2017, It is very important to take some steps to avoid soil disruption in order to keep top layer soil, healthy and productive because Soil is a finite natural resource.