Most of us would remember a time when sparrows were part of our everyday life – there were so many of them that their presence bordered on irksome. They chattered incessantly, they made our homes, theirs – hunting for nooks and corners where they could set up house. Determined little creatures they were too, for once they made up their mind to take up residence nothing could dissuade them otherwise.
The some major importance of sparrow are :
Ecological Balance : Every animal and plants in this world has its significance. The sparrow is a member of many food chain and food web. So as you know if you harm any food chain it will affect complete food web. So if you will not save sparrow it will disturb ecological balance.
Pollination in many plants: Sparrow helps in pollination in many plants. Pollination is a process by which the pollen grain of one flower reaches to stigma of other flower in sexual reproduction. So Sparrow helps in sexual reproduction in plants.
Reduce many diseases : Sparrow eats larvae of many insects and mosquitoes which causes many diseases like malaria, dengue etc. So sparrows protect us from many diseases which are life threatened.
Brings prosperity: Sparrows bring prosperity for us. We like to watch this small and lovable bird. Our children always want to observe this bird and always sing songs related to this bird to entertain themselves.
Sparrows are indicators of environmental health & changes in the urban ecosystem. But they are declining drastically & only humans are responsible
There are many reasons attributed to the decline — sprawling bungalows with their nooks and crannies which were prime real estate for the birds are being demolished. The high rises – and other such modern architecture leaves little room for nesting. There are no messy shrubs and bushes in gardens just manicured lawns with exotic plants — sprayed and covered with pesticides that does the bird – or anyone else – little good. Grasslands and other such green spaces in cities are also vanishing, taking with them a host of small animal life, including sparrows.
On the occasion of World Sparrow Day, take a look at what we can do at individual level to save these little birds
- Kitchen waste could be transferred into bio-manure and the decomposition would help in the development of microbes that these birds feed on.
- Besides water bowls, bird-bath in hot summer afternoon helps birds to rehydrate.
- Plants and hedges, that are native to the place, can be grown. This encourages sparrows to come back.
- Sparrows breed four times a year. Artificial nests outside our homes can help them have a constant and safe place for breeding and to roost
Interesting facts about Sparrows
1. Do you know that there is a main difference between male and female sparrows? Female have brown backs with stripes while the male have reddish backs with black bibs. Also, male sparrow is slightly larger than female.
2. Sparrows live in colonies known as flocks.
3. If they sense danger, they can swim at a fast pace.
4. Sparrows are not territorial in nature; they are protective and build their nests.
5. Amazing is male sparrows construct nests to attract their female counterparts.
6. The house sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae.
7. House sparrows can live in urban or rural settings as they are strongly associated with human habitations.
8. They are found in widely varied habitats and climates not in woodlands, deserts, forests and grasslands.
9. The average life expectancy of wild sparrow is under 10 years and mainly closer to 4 to 5 years.
10. The flight of house sparrows is direct with continued flapping and no periods of gliding, averaging 45.5 km/h (28.3 mph) and about 15 wingbeats per second.
It is very important to raise the awareness among the people and countries to save these social chirping birds which are on the verge of extinction.
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