Google on Tuesday(22 May 2018) marked the 246th birth anniversary of social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy with a doodle, remembering the “father of the Indian Renaissance.”
Roy is India’s most celebrated social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy, remembered best as the “Maker of Modern India” and “father of the Indian Renaissance”. Today’s Google doodle reminds of his many contributions to the society.
Roy is considered the Father of Indian Renaissance for bringing about a number of social reforms.
One of the reforms he strived for was the abolishment of sati, the regressive Hindu funeral practice in which a widow had to sacrifice herself on her husband’s funeral pyre, in some parts of Bengal.
Born on 22 May, 1772 in Radhanagar village in West Bengal, Roy is known for holding views that were ahead of his time
Founder of Brahmo Samaj
Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj in 1828, an influential social-religious reform movement. Brahmo Samaj believes in the existence of One Supreme God, and that the worship of Him needs no fixed place or time.
Brahmo Sabha, a movement of reformist Bengali Brahmins, was set up by him in 1828. This aimed at fighting various social evils. He firmly believed that social reform was possible only with proper education.
Roy demanded property inheritance rights for women
Besides sati, Roy also crusaded against several other social evils such as polygamy, infanticide, child marriage and the caste system. He also demanded property inheritance rights for women.
Roy set up colleges & schools
In the field of education, Roy helped set up the Hindu College in Calcutta, the Anglo-Hindu School and the Vedanta College. He also wrote a journal called Sambad Kaumudi, which covered topics like freedom of the press.
He read Upanishads and Vedas and went on to write “Tuhfat al-muwahhidin”, his first book where he advocated for reason in religion and opposed ritualism.
He was a strong supporter of induction of western learning into education in India
In 1830, Roy travelled to England as a representative of the Mughal Empire and he managed to convince the British government to increase the stipend of the Mughal Emperor. Roy died near Bristol in 1833 and a statue of him stands in that city.
Ram Mohan Roy took a keen interest in European politics and followed the cause of the French Revolution. In 1814 he settled in Calcutta and in 1815 founded the Atmiya Sabha. in 1828 he established the Brahmo Samaj. In 1830, Ram Mohan Roy traveled to the United Kingdom as an ambassador of the Mughal Empire to ensure that Lord William Bentinck’s Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829 banning the practice of Sati was not overturned.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy shares his birthday with many prominent personalities
Roy shares his birthday with famous individuals including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – a Scottish author remembered for his stories on legendary detective Sherlock Holmes – and Georges Prosper Remi, known by the pen name Herge, who created “The Adventures of Tintin”.
The Google doodle celebrating the great Indian Social reformer has been designed and created by Beena Mistry, a UX Designer, and Illustrator based out of Toronto, Canada.