October 24, celebrates the birth of the United Nation. This year marks the 72nd anniversary of the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945 that give birth to the organization.
UN Day is a celebration of the cause for peace, unity, and diplomacy. It is a reminder of the ideals of democracy, freedom, tolerance, and respect for diversity. But do you know its significance and why we celebrate it? Well it is never too late! Here are some interesting facts about the prestigious world body you should know.
1. 24 October has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly recommended that the day be observed by Member States as a public holiday.
2. The United Nations logo, consisting of the map of the world inscribed in a wreath of crossed stylized olive tree branches, was designed by a team of designers led by Oliver Lincoln Lundquist.
3. UN was the successor of League of Nations, an organization established during the first World War in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles to promote international cooperation and to achieve world peace.
4. The objectives of the United Nations (U.N.) is outlined in its Charter which states the purposes of the UN are to:
“Maintain international peace and security.”
“To develop friendly relations among nations.”
“To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems.”
“To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.”
5. The UN provides a forum for its members to express their views in the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and other bodies and committees.
6. The U.N. began with 51 countries and is now it has 193 Member States. The newest member of the United Nations is South Sudan, bringing the number of member countries to 193.
The main bodies of the UN are:
- The General Assembly
- The Security Council
- The Economic and Social Council
- The Trusteeship Council
- The International Court of Justice and
- The Secretariat.
Why do we celebrate UN Day?
Coming into effect after the two world wars and the cold war the United Nations was an attempt to salvage humanity from the scourge of war and the wrath of destruction-most importantly to ensure that the human world would never be subject to such horror again.
It is celebrated to honor the interstate organization promoting human rights, social progress, and world peace. No organization on Earth does more to protect the environment than the United Nations.
To mark this day many activities are organized by global network of UN Information Centres like from ceremonies, seminars, panel discussions, symposium to series of briefings for students, art competitions, rallies, film screenings and book/photo exhibitions, media campaigns including interviews and newspaper supplements and many more.